WCPT Africa Region Conference System, 9th WCPT Africa Region Congress

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Physical Impairment and Quality of life in Adolescents and Adults with Sickle Cell Disease
oyinlola Felix Odusanya

Last modified: 2012-02-09

Abstract


PHYSICAL IMPAIREMENT AND QUALITY  OF LIFE IN ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS WITH SICKLE CELL DISEASE

AKINPELU O.A*,ODUSANYA O.F**, AKINGBOLA T.S***

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL,IBADAN

Akinpelu OA: Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan.

Odusanya OF: Department of Physiotherapy, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Akingbola TS: Department of Heamatology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan

Correspondence: Odusanya OF :e-mail address-oyinlolafo@yahoo.com.

Background

Quality of Life(QOL) reflects an individual’s perception of his/her current function and overall health. Despite the growing interest in the QOL in clinical research and practice, there seems to be no published information on the QOL of persons with sickle cell disease(SCD) in Nigeria and other parts of the world. The aim of this study was to determine physical impairment and QOL of adults and adolescents with SCD attending sickle cell clinics in the University College Hospital(UCH)Ibadan.

Methodology

The study design was ex-post-facto. Consecutive non-probability sampling technique was used to recruit subjects for the study. Physical impairment and QOL of 82 subjects with SCD was measured using Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life index sickle cell version III.Subjects real and apparent limb lentght discrepancies were measured. Data were analysed using mean and standard  deviation as well as Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal Wallis test and Pearson Momment Correlation.

Results

The result showed that out of the maximum possible score of 30, the mean QOL of adults  and adolescents were 24.23±3.18 and 23.36±3.17 respectively. Gender had no significant effect(P<0.05) on any of the subscales of QOL.Sickle cell disease subjects with physical impairments scored significantly lower(P<0.05) on health/functioning subscale of QOL.

 

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, QOL of subjects with SCD can be said to be generally above average, which is an indication SCD does not drastically affect QOL of subjects with SCD. It was also observed that physical impairments affected the QOL of subjects

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